Neurodevelopmental Disorder

What is Neurodevelopmental Disorder?

Neurodevelopmental disorders are a group of disorders that affect the development of the nervous system, leading to abnormal brain function which may affect emotion, learning ability, self-control, and memory. The effects of neurodevelopmental disorders tend to last for a person's lifetime.

Neurodevelopmental disorders are impairments of the growth and development of the brain and/or central nervous system. A narrower use of the term refers to a disorder of brain function that affects emotion, learning ability, self-control and memory which unfolds as an individual develops and grows.

Examples of neurodevelopmental disorders in children include attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism, learning disabilities, intellectual disability, conduct disorders, cerebral palsy, and impairments in vision and hearing.

Virtual Reality Therapy for Neurodevelopmental Disorders

The environments for this area will help to evaluate and work on the symptomatology related to autism spectrum disorders.

VR Environments that help

Bullying

This environment simulates classroom harassment that is verbal, physical and indirect. When this environment is activated, one can initiate booing, laughing or whispering.

Street

This environment is in a small street, lined with restaurants. The number of people in the street and restaurants can be controlled along with the events.

Walk through the public square

This environment is in an open space in a public square. You can control the amount of people in the square such that the person is gradually exposed to their fears.

Attentional focus

This virtual environment allows the person to practice mindfulness and acceptance exercises as one walks through a peaceful meadow.

Body scanning

This environment is unique in that it engages with Jacobson’s relaxation and induction techniques as the person takes a mental journey of their body.

Emotional regulation

This environment engages with two interconnected scenarios. As the environment transitions from spring to summer, the person can practice full-attention exercises.

Imagery for relaxation

This environment allows the person to participate in imagination exercises as they explore a serene island. While relaxing to the sound of the ocean or the sight of a waterfall, they can engage in relaxation exercises using the audio guide.

Progressive muscle relaxation

Using tension relaxation exercises, ordered by muscle groups, this virtual environment can train the person in the practice of progressive muscle relaxation.

VR Therapy involves gradually introducing a person to the situation causing their fear and helping them adapt to it. It may involve just a few sessions of therapy, after which the end goal is the person confronting their fear.

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